A large-scale study of homosexual couples shows that taking certain HIV medications can prevent the virus from being transmitted to sexual partners.
Scientists citing Alison Rodger of University College London in The Lancet journal report that around 780 gay couples from 14 European countries, each with one HIV-infected partner, were followed for an average of two years. Throughout the period, none of the uninfected partners became infected with his partner – despite unprotected intercourse.
The HIV-infected partners have been treated with antiretroviral drugs that bring the virus to a very low level in the body. The results of the study confirm the assumption of many experts that "undetectable also not transferable" means, it was said by the journal. Other studies with heterosexual or homosexual couples had previously provided comparable data.
Stigma and discrimination of HIV-positive people
The UN Unaids program welcomed the new results as "great news". HIV-Free Patient 1040 "People living with HIV now have confirmation that they are not infectious, assuming regular medication and a low viral load," said Unaids CEO Michel Sidibé. That will improve their self-esteem and self-confidence.
"This strong message can help end the HIV pandemic by preventing HIV transmission and combating the stigma and discrimination of many people living with HIV," Rodger says. The risk of infection for homosexuals is nil, as long as the HIV-infected sexual partners consistently take the appropriate medication and the viral load in the body was then very low.
An estimated 11,000 people in Germany do not know that they have AIDS
However, according to Unaids, a large portion of all HIV transmission goes back to the period in which people have just become infected, but do not yet know about their infection. Their viral load is high for lack of appropriate therapy and the risk to pass on the pathogen, therefore comparatively large. According to estimates by the competent Robert Koch Institute (RKI) for 2017, a good 11,000 people in Germany know nothing about their HIV infection.
Unaids hopes that the results will encourage more people to get tested as early as possible and to start therapy if necessary. The goal must also be worldwide, to allow all HIV-positive people access to tests and effective treatment, emphasize UN program and study authors alike.
About 2700 new HIV infections in 2017
The abbreviation HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The pathogen is usually transmitted during sex. If left untreated, an infection leads to increasing damage to the body's own immune system and subsequently to death. With medicines, however, the development of the immune deficiency disease AIDS can be stopped today.
According to RKI data, around 86,000 people in Germany were living with HIV at the end of 2017 in Germany. The number of new infections in 2017 was estimated at around 2700. All these celebrities are HIV-positive and make no secret of it, 19.52
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