Bandi Syndrome Generally, cirrhosis of the liver caused by prolonged use of alcohol causes the spleen to grow and cause anemia. Besides prolonged use of alcohol, chronic liver inflammation (chronic hepatitis), biliary cirrhosis and hemochromatosis can also lead to cirrhosis of the liver.
The formation of cirrhosis in the liver results in the compression of the veins passing through this organ, especially the door collector arms carrying blood from the digestive tube to the liver. At the end of the compression in these vessels, swelling and enlargement of the spleen, the gullet toparche, and the bottom part of the pharynx, which is the mouthpiece of the main vein network, attract attention of the rectum and vein bulge in the abdominal wall.
There are several causes of anemia in Banti Syndrome. Excess red blood cell fragmentation occurs in the enlarged spleen, excess blood is stored in the cavities of the enlarged spleen, thus less blood cells remain in the circulation.
Detection of chronic liver disease and the presence of enlarged spleen play an important role in the diagnosis of Banti syndrome. The condition of the liver is evaluated by a variety of blood tests. X-ray films taken after the drinking of Barium salt solutions reveal the widening of the vein network.
In the treatment of this disease, it is tried to correct the liver disorder and to improve the negative results caused by this disorder. If the disorder in the liver is due to cirrhosis, the patient's non-drinking may lead to a major improvement. If it is due to hemochromatosis, taking blood from time to time prevents the accumulation of blood dye bodies in the liver.
Methods used to reduce the pressure that has been proliferated in the door vein system have an important place in this disease called as Banti Syndrome. If the swollen vein branch is easy to reach, this branch is cut to the lower main balls. Thus, the blood from the intestines is not returned to the liver while returning to the heart. If anemia is too advanced, spleen can be removed. Removal of the spleen does not cause a significant deficiency. The reticuloendothelial system in different parts of the body successfully carries out the task of the spleen.
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