The disease is characterized by mild fever, throat scratching and malaise. One to two days later the cold follows, the cough sets in and the nose runs – the classic symptoms of a cold. But in the summer, many people are irritated when they wake up in the morning with the first signs of illness: Can you even catch cold when the outside temperature is warm?
The answer is yes. Although especially the autumn and winter months are considered the classic cold season, but even in the summer you can get infected with the annoying viruses. Other than the word "cold" suggests, it does not need "cold" to get sick. "The cold itself plays only an indirect role, but more importantly, a sufficient number of pathogens find the appropriate gap in our body's immune system, although this is less likely in the summer, but it is still possible," it says on the page the "HKK health insurance".
Warentest Erkältungsmittel_12.40How strong the defense of the immune system and thus the protection against pathogens, is influenced by many different factors. Are we supplied with all necessary nutrients and vitamins? Have we slept enough in the last days and weeks and had enough rest? Are we possibly stressed?
Cough, fever and sore throat in the warm season are colloquially called "summer flu". But the term is misleading, since it is in most cases an infection with classic colds. The real flu is noticeable with a pronounced, sudden onset of illness and high fever. It is caused by influenza viruses against which there are vaccines. It is not possible to immunize against the pathogens of a cold – usually rhinoviruses. If there is talk of a "flu infection", it is usually a slightly stronger running cold.
Summer flu: These factors influence the cold risk
In winter, viruses have easy play: the cold and dry air makes them more stable. At the same time, poor conditions prevail for the "virus host", ie humans. The lungs suffer from the cold air and become more susceptible to pathogens. The immune system is weakened due to the low solar radiation, the vitamin D level decreases.
This problem does not exist in summer. But cool air conditioners in buses, public buildings, trains or planes facilitate infection with cold viruses. Although cold does not automatically lead to a cold, it may weaken the immune system, making it easier for viruses to spread throughout the body. Even fans or cool summer evenings in short dresses have a cooling effect on the body – which increases the risk of a "summer flu". How can this be prevented?
Prevent summer flu
In winter and in summer, hand washing is the best protection against pathogens – it is best to clean your hands with soap and water for 20 to 30 seconds several times a day. Changing showers and saunas can also help prevent colds by strengthening the body's defenses. In summer, it is important to pay attention to air conditioning systems that are set too cold and to make train or flight attendants aware of this. Anyone planning to spend the whole day should pack a thin jacket or scarf for the cool evening hours.
And what to do if it caught you despite all the precautions? As in winter then help the common home remedies. This means drinking plenty of water, looking after yourself, inhaling and sucking off cough drops – preferably sugar-free ones.
Swell:HKK health insurance / Stiftung Warentest
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