Although not very common in the community, one of the skin disorders seen in all age groups is eczema. Eczema that dry the skin, itching and sometimes cause skin blisters is a serious skin disease. Although the effects of many causes can be mentioned in the emergence of eczema, the reason why experts are actively researching all over the world is not known exactly. Many different types of eczema, according to this variety may show different symptoms.
Eczema is a skin disease that manifests itself with various disorders and complaints. In this context, redness, itching, water bubbles, dryness and stretching of the skin tightening in various parts of the body are the most common complaints of eczema. Due to eczema, skin exfoliation and cracking may cause microorganism entry and skin infection. In this regard, early diagnosis and treatment of eczema is very important. Eczema-related complaints are usually seen in the hands, legs and feet, but eczema may occur anywhere in the body. It should definitely be remembered; eczema is a disease that can be controlled by simple methods when diagnosed early.
What are the symptoms of eczema?
The most basic and initial manifestation of eczema is skin-filled blisters. Over time, these bubbles are replaced by crusting and dandruff. The symptoms of eczema may not be the same in every patient, there may be different reactions depending on the skin. In general, however, symptoms of eczema;
• Itching that does not last long in the body,
• Itching, especially at night, which is aggravated and often awaken from sleep.
• Continuous itching without spots or stains in the body
Just one of the symptoms and symptoms of eczema is enough to consult a doctor immediately. So even if there is no visible stain, the risk of itching in the body is high, and early diagnosis is very important in the treatment of eczema.
How is eczema diagnosed?
Physical examination and patch testing is performed to diagnose eczema. The allergen that occurs in the patient's patch test is investigated by the dermatologist and then diagnosed. During patch testing, low concentrations of allergen substances are adhered to the patient's back and the patches are opened 48 to 72 hours later. When the patch is on the back, the patient should not be engaged in sports, showering, and behaving in a similar manner to affect the test. If there is swelling, watering and redness in the area where the patch is adhered, it is determined that the patient is allergic to the substance applied to the area.
Causes of eczema are not precisely determined. However, in general eczema formation; genetic factors, allergies or various chemical materials are known to play a role. In fact, the cause of eczema may vary depending on the type of formation. In our daily life, we frequently use chemicals such as water, soap, detergent, dusty environments that trigger the formation of eczema. In this regard, especially in the cleaning sector, housewives and hairdressers are at higher risk of developing eczema. From this point of view, the effect of chemical cleaning products on eczema can be understood more clearly. If the patient has an allergic origin of eczema, even a small amount of allergen substance contact may cause eczema. Eczema from chemical substances does not improve without contact with this substance. In addition to the cold winter months, the humidity of the environment is low and the air is cold, complaints about eczema disease increases. Heating systems such as natural gas, air conditioning and heating, drying the living area, wearing more thick clothing and bathing with hot water also trigger eczema.
What are the types of eczema?
• Atopic eczema
Atopic eczema; genital susceptibility and environmental factors due to the infancy and childhood as a host is a common type of eczema. It is also known as baby eczema. Atopic eczema is gradually alleviated or completely eliminated during adulthood. This type of eczema is usually repetitive. Atopic eczema with baby eczema starts in the first trimester, then spreads to the body, arms and legs. In childhood, atopic eczema may occur in the inner parts of the joints, arms and legs. This type of eczema may also occur in adulthood at the eyelids, ear, nipple, joints and hands. Skin redness, scaling, itching, dryness and thickening are symptoms of atopic eczema.
• Seborrheic eczema
The reason for the occurrence of chronicable seborrheic eczema is unknown. This type of eczema is usually seen in oily areas of the skin. In this regard, the scalp, ears, eyebrows, cheeks, nose edges, the middle of the chest, the interior of the beard is more common in this type of eczema. This eczema develops in the ear during childhood, causing swelling, redness and scaling of the lymph nodes. According to experts, excessive alcohol use, stress, suppression of the immune system, such as adverse events trigger the formation of this type of eczema. Especially in winter and spring seasons eczema can be exacerbated.
• Asteatotic eczema
Asteatotic eczema, which is more common in the elderly, usually occurs as a result of frequent bathing, decreasing fat in the upper layer of the skin or atopy. Especially in cold weather, skin dryness is more common. Asteatotic eczema usually occurs on the front face, arms and trunk of the legs and creates an image, itching, dryness and rash on the skin, such as porcelain fracture.
• Contact eczema
Contact eczema is a form of eczema caused by substances that prevent the skin's protective oils. Especially temporary tattoos, unhealthy, poor quality make-up materials, perfumes, nail polish, cleaning agents, hair dyes, toothpastes, foot sprays can cause this.
• Numuler eczema
Numerical eczema, usually seen on the arms, legs and hands, creates a coin-sized and rounded track in the body. These marks are extremely itchy. In the acute phase of nummular eczema, skin leaks, crusting and redness occur and the affected area is too much itching. Experts state that this type of eczema is triggered by infections.
• Gravitational eczema
Gravitational eczema is more common in the elderly and in the elderly, and develops with varicose veins on the lower part of the person's legs and impaired blood circulation. Due to the accumulation of blood in these areas, the pressure on the vessels increases and damage to the skin occurs. Gravitational eczema may occur more frequently in women who have given birth. Symptoms such as dryness, pruritus, flushing and redness in the person's legs are indicative of gravitational eczema. As this eczema gets chronic, dark spots on the skin, stiffening of the skin and wounds such as ulcers may also occur.
What are the most common types of eczema?
• Hair eczema
One of the places where eczema is frequently seen is definitely the scalp. Hair eczema; manifests itself with exfoliation and crusting. This condition, called seborrheic eczema, is a chronic disease. Hair eczema, usually mixed with psoriasis; It can also appear on the back of the ear, on the front side of the chest and on the sides of the nose. Although the effect of stress on increasing hair eczema is great, genetic features are effective in the development of the disease. Medical shampoos, antipruritic tablets and steroid-containing lotions are recommended for the treatment of this eczema.
• Ear eczema
The use of poor quality and unhealthy earrings, piercings or heavy cosmetics in the ears can cause irritation and eczema. Although it is difficult to heal completely, ear complaints can be controlled. Treatment of ear eczema is made with eczema cream used by the doctor. Ear eczema; it can occur behind the ear, ear canal and behind the ear. In this type of eczema, excessive ear sensitivity, ear burning, bloating, water collection, bleeding, such as are seen.
• Hand eczema
Reduction or destruction of hand skin defense may cause hand eczema. Frequent handwashing, contact with detergents, soap and bleach, presence in dusty environments may cause wear on the skin of the hand and the formation of eczema. Hand eczema is most common and occurs in the forearm. Generally, lesions with one hand may spread to the other hand.
• Facial eczema
Many factors such as the use of unhealthy and poor quality cosmetic products, unprotected sun exposure, genetic predisposition, stress, immune problems, harmful habits such as alcohol and cigarettes, endocrine problems, vitamin insufficiency, and many other factors may cause eczema. Rarely, there may be eczema due to genetic predisposition.
• Foot eczema
It is manifested in the form of itching, redness, blisters, inflammation, dryness and thickening of the skin. It can be mixed with foot eczema because it is similar to foot fungus. But athlete's foot is more often formed between the fingers and nails, while yak eczema can be seen in the entire foot. It is recommended that the feet are not sweaty, breathed and moistened to relieve foot eczema.
• Stress eczema
Excessive stress can sometimes cause eczema. To relieve stress eczema, the skin should be moistened frequently and stressful environments should be avoided.
How does eczema go?
As with all diseases, the most important issue in the treatment of eczema is the application of medical treatment under the guidance of a doctor. There is yet no way to treat eczema in a short time. However, the most important point of eczema treatment is to prevent eczema. In case of eczema, in consultation with the doctor, observing the warnings and precautions given by the doctor, complaints related to eczema may be reduced. In the treatment of eczema, other than cortisone, immunosuppressive drugs, wet dressings and local corticosteroid ointments are used. To reduce the frequency of exacerbations of eczema, to relieve eczema, neutral soaps to strengthen the skin, barrier creams, moisturizers, eczema gloves and eczema shampoos are recommended.
The eczema gloves used in eczema treatment are produced from cotton or combed fabrics and interrupt the interaction with eczema-causing allergens. In particular, people using chemical products or cleaning products should consult a physician and use eczema gloves.
There are also various herbal methods that help or assist in the treatment of eczema. Some of them work, some of them can be harms. In this regard, it is useful to consult a doctor before taking advantage of herbal methods in the case of eczema.
Recommendations for relieving eczema
• The eczema area should not be scratched and irritated.
• Environments must have adequate humidity and temperature.
• Office and home should often be ventilated.
• Do not bathe too often;
• Hard fibers and pouches that do not irritate the skin should be used in the bathroom.
• Do not bathe in very hot water.
• PH values should be preferred.
• The whole body must be moistened after bathing.
• Hands should be moistened frequently during the day.
• Wash hands with warm water, not warm, and dry with hygienic paper towels.
• Do not touch the cleaning materials without gloves.
• In winter, the woolen clothes should not be contacted directly with the skin.
• Wool carpets and blankets should not be used.
• Avoid stress.
• Do not touch uncooked raw vegetables and fruits, uncooked meat and fish products with bare hands.
• Drink 2 liters of water during the day.
How does eczema go? Ayse Tolga first appeared on Good Life.
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