Anyone who moves more and stops smoking can thus also prevent dementia. The World Health Organization (WHO) has for the first time published guidelines in Geneva, including a link between obesity, diabetes and hypertension with dementia. WHO and other health actors advise WHO to counteract these issues.
"A physically active lifestyle is associated with the health of the brain," says the new guidelines. Large studies have shown that physically active people are less likely to get diseases like dementia and Alzheimer's. "Physical activity seems to have a beneficial effect on the structure of the brain." In addition, enough exercise was also good for hypertension – and that was also a risk factor for dementia.
Parkinson Frank Elstner_11.05Due to dementia, various forms of illness are summarized, in which the intellectual capacity decreases very strongly. By far the most affected have Alzheimer's. Sufferers lose mental abilities and change their personality within years. The disease usually leads to helplessness and severe neediness both psychologically and physically. Many no longer recognize their loved ones, some become aggressive. There is neither a preventive vaccine nor a cure for Alzheimer's. In some studies, however, an association between the diseases and the lifestyle or other health aspects could be shown. That is what the WHO guidelines are based on.
Guidelines against dementia – two-stage model
The health organization has divided its prevention recommendations for these diseases into two stages. As with smoking and exercise, there was also a clear recommendation for a healthy and balanced diet. In addition, the WHO states that they do not want to promote the use of vitamin B and E and other dietary supplements as dementia prevention.
In addition, the guidelines contain limited recommendations. These include cognitive training for older adults and measures against overweight in middle age. Measures against dangerous and harmful drinking were also classified by the World Health Organization.
Risk factor age
According to the WHO, the number of people with dementia will increase significantly in the coming years worldwide. By 2030, the organization expects up to 82 million, by 2050 with up to 152 million people affected. Currently, around 50 million people worldwide suffer from dementia. In Germany, about 1.7 million people have Alzheimer's disease or another dementia disorder.
The biggest risk is getting old. Before the age of 65, only a few are affected; among the 85- to 89-year-olds, one in four suffers from dementia, according to the German Alzheimer's Association. From the point of view of WHO, however, general health and lifestyle also have an influence.
Dementia Documentation 19.10
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