Hand foot mouth disease is a viral infection commonly seen in young children and an inconvenience manifested by wounds in the mouth, hands and feet. A virus called Coxsackievirus has been identified as the most common source of emergence of the disease.
There is no specific and specific treatment of the disease. Frequent handwashing and the close contact with individuals with the disease will make the greatest contribution to the reduction of the infection risk of the child.
Hand foot mouth disease can cause all or some of the following symptoms. These include:
- Sore throat and irritation
- Feeling sick
- Red, painful and water-collecting lesions in tongue, gums and cheek
- Red lesions on the palms, on the soles of the feet and sometimes on the buttocks
- Frustration in infants and children
- Loss of appetite
The incubation time of the signs and signs after the virus is removed is usually 3 to 6 days. Fever is usually the first sign of the disease and then sore throat, sometimes with a bad feeling of appetite and disease emerges.
One or two days after the onset of the fever, painful wounds may occur in the anterior part of the throat and mouth. Irritations in the hands, feet and sometimes in the pops occur after a day or two.
Wounds in the back of the mouth or in the throat may indicate that the child has a viral disease called herpangina. Other distinctive features of herpangina include sudden high fever and sometimes cerebral palsy. The wounds on the hands, feet and other parts of the body are very rare.
When to Go to a Doctor?
Hand foot mouth disease is usually a mild illness that gives a few days of fever and soft symptoms. If the wounds in the mouth and throat interfere with your child's fluid intake, consult your doctor. If the child's symptoms become worse after a few days, talk to your doctor again.
The most common cause of the disease is the virus called coxsackievirus A16. Coxsackievirus is a family of viruses called nonpolio enteroviruses, and other types of enteroviruses can sometimes cause hand foot mouth disease.
Oral consumption is usually the main cause of the disease. The disease is transmitted from person to person, and the sick person experiences the disease through:
- Sputum and nasal discharge
- Fluids in wounds
- Liquids scattered in the air after cough and sneeze
Especially in Nurseries
Hand foot mouth disease is particularly common in nurseries and nurseries, because there is often a diaper change and toilet training is taking place, and young children often put their hands on their mouths.
Even if your child has the highest risk of transmitting the disease in the first week, the virus may remain in his body even weeks after the signs and signs have passed. I mean, he could still spread it to others.
Some people, especially adults, can infect the virus without showing any signs and symptoms of the disease.
The disease usually booms in summer and autumn. In tropical climates, it can be seen all year round.
The disease primarily affects children under 10 years of age and especially those under 5 years of age. Children in care centers and kindergartens are particularly predisposed because the infection is passed from person to person and young children are very prone.
Children suffer more immunity as their age progresses as their bodies produce antibodies when exposed to the virus causing the disease. However, it is still possible for adolescents and adults to get the disease.
Hand foot is among the most common complications of mouth disease include dehydration. The disease causes wounds in the mouth and throat, making it difficult and painful to swallow.
Don't forget to make sure your child gets enough fluid throughout the disease. If the thirst has reached a serious level, it may be necessary to insert the serum.
The disease is usually a minor condition that causes a few days of fever and soft symptoms. Rarely, a serious form of coxsackievirus can cause problems in the brain and cause other complications.
- Viral meningitis: In this rare condition, the cerebrospinal fluid surrounding the spinal cord with brain membranes and brain captures infection and inflammation.
- Encephalitis: This severe and life-threatening disease involves brain inflammation from the virus. Encephalitis is rare.
Certain measures can help prevent illness:
- Wash your hands carefully: Wash your hands frequently and carefully, especially after using the toilet or changing the diaper and before eating and preparing food. If water and soap are not available, you can try anti-germ alcohol napkins and gels.
- Disinfect common areas: Clean frequently used areas and surfaces with water and soap, followed by chlorinated bleach and water solution. Nurseries should clean and disinfect all common areas regularly. Particular attention should be paid to common objects such as toys, because the virus can stay alive for days on objects. Also clean the baby's nipple frequently.
- Teach Hygiene: Show your child how good hygiene should be and teach them to keep themselves clean. Explain why they should not put their hands, fingers and other objects in their mouths.
- Isolate people who can infect: As the disease is highly contagious, people should have as much contact as possible with others as long as they have active symptoms. If your child is ill, do not send her to school or daycare for the duration of the illness, send it until she passes the fever and the mouth sores are healed. If you have the disease, don't go to work.
The doctor can distinguish the disease from other virus infections by evaluating the following things:
- Age of the affected person
- The order of signs and symptoms
- The appearance of wound and lesions
The doctor may take a sample of the throat or stool and send it to the lab to determine if the virus is causing the disease.
There is no special treatment of the disease. The symptoms usually go between 7-10 days.
An oral anesthetic can reduce the pain caused by mouth sores. Aspirin external painkillers can also help to eliminate general discomfort.
Lifestyle and Home Prescriptions
Certain foods and beverages can disturb wounds in the tongue, mouth and throat. You can make eating and drinking easier by paying attention to the following points:
- Sucking ice balls
- Eating ice cream
- Drink cold drinks such as milk and ice water
- Avoid drinking citrus fruits, fruit drinks and cola
- Avoiding salty and spicy foods
- To consume soft foods that do not require much chewing
- Rinse the mouth with warm water after meals
If your child can gargle without swallowing, gargle with warm salt water can be relaxing. Let it do it several times a day because salt water can reduce inflammation and pain caused by wounds in the mouth.
The symptoms and treatment of hand, foot and mouth disease appeared first on Ayse Tolga Good Life.
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