Causes constipation during pregnancy?
► It is loosening of intestinal muscle tissue due to the increase in hormone levels during pregnancy.
►Pressing on the intestines of the growing uterus is to prevent normal operation.
Constipation can be exacerbated because the mother consumes less liquid due to vomiting.
►The iron pill used during pregnancy may cause constipation.
► Improve your physical mobility by performing pregnancy exercises in pregnancy.
►Lessful food consumption
► The psychology of the expectant mother may also lead to constipation (Concerns)
What should be done to eliminate constipation during pregnancy?
►Consult with constipation by taking foods; Avoid eating constipation-purified foods and eat fresh fruits and vegetables (raw or cooked if possible, crusted) whole grains, breads and legumes (dried beans or peas), dried fruits (raisins, apricots, figs). If your food consumption is minimal, add fiber foods to your meals, or your stomach will be disturbed.
►To increase water consumption; Consume 10 to 12 cups of liquid per day. Especially water, fruit, vegetable juices soften the excrement and provide nutrients to progress easily from the digestive system. Some of them say that it is beneficial to drink hot water without lemon juice.
►Rutin exercise, if you are an immobile person is likely to be constipated high.This is why you can do during pregnancy during the physical activities you want to do on a regular basis. add.
►Health Use; If you do not find a solution to constipation, you can use the medication to help reduce constipation by softening the bowel movements during pregnancy in consultation with your doctor.
►To avoid stress reduces the risk of constipation.
►You can reduce the iron drug you are using in consultation with your doctor.For this you need to meet your nutrient needs from the natural nutrients well. You should consult with your doctor if your work to prevent insufficiency is insufficient.
►In the evening to prevent constipation, olive oil is consumed in the evenings and apricot consumption on an empty stomach in the morning may be beneficial to constipation.
What are the common birth complications?
- Delay at birth: An abnormally prolonged birth is dangerous for the fetus as it will be too tiring for the mother. Therefore, modern birth knowledge is very careful to determine development. If you have a consistent development and your mother is also good at fötus do not need to do anything. If the development is not good, it should be carefully examined by the obstetrician to determine why delay occurs and what needs to be done. Delay is usually due to the weakness of uterine contractions. In this case, oxytocin is given. If it is not necessary or if the baby should not be given oxytocin because the mother is too big to pass through the pelvis, a caesarean section will be mandatory. Delay in the second period of labor requires forceps delivery or vacuum extraction.
- Malposition: When the baby is born, the normal course of arrival is called vertex. It is difficult to determine the placement of the head. The location of the head is generally understood by feeling the location of the junction of the two bones in the skull of the fetus. Sometimes the head is in occipitopos-terior, while the baby is facing the pubis face. Sometimes, in this case or in the transverse state, the head is prevented from getting out of the way and only by forceps or vacuum method. Before applying the forceps, the obstetrician should turn the head in the right direction. If it does it by hand, it is called forceps rotation if it does rotation by forceps. Since the rotation will be distressed for the mother, either local anesthetic is applied or epi-dural block is made. In rare cases general anesthesia is performed. This maneuver is only applied when the cervix is fully opened and the fetus is ready to be born.
- Malpositance (misalignment): The arrival of the other body parts before the baby’s head is called incorrect arrival. The most common and most important misconceptions are breech development. At the arrival of the breech, the birth process is normal. But in the second period the arms and the head from behind must be careful in getting rid of the head. Usually forceps are used for the head, local anesthetic or epidural block is a must. Generally, general anesthesia is required.
- Fetal distress: During labor, fetus may suffer from a lack of oxygen. This occurs when uterine contractions compress the blood vessels of the placenta and prevent the transport of oxygen rich blood. In normal cases, oxygen deficiency is quickly resolved when the uterus is loosened between the contractions and blood vessels are opened. Sometimes this is not enough size and oxygen deficiency causes fetal distress. Diagnosis is made by resting the fetal heart or by looking at the tra-sound of the fetal heart monitor. When fetal distress occurs, the heart abnormally slows or sometimes abnormally accelerates and runs irregularly. Characteristic changes are seen in fetal heart trauma. If a fetal blood sample is taken and examined, high acidity is seen as a sign of oxygen reduction. Sometimes it passes from the intestines of the fetus in this case to amniotic sac and passes the amniotic juice. The staining of the liquid with meconium is not a constant sign of fetal distress, but this appearance calls for the obstetrician to be awake.
- If fetal distress is recognized, the fetus should be delivered as soon as possible. This is an emergency caesarean section. Or, if the cervix is completely opened, forceps are delivered. Fortunately, in most of the cases, the diagnosis can be made early and the baby will not be disturbed by a constant inability to be born.
- Birth with forceps: The modern birth forceps are light and fit freely to the baby’s head. Using forceps allows the doctor to slowly remove a child who is not born. This is because either the uterine contractions aren’t strong enough or the mother’s just enough time to preserve. When fetal distress is present, birth should be accelerated. In this case, the forceps are used to save the baby from unnecessary distress.
- The forceps is only used when the cervix is fully opened in the second period of the birth and when there is a suitable place for the baby to come out of the va-jina, bkal anesthesia is essential. General anesthesia is also necessary in rare cases. When using forceps, the perineum is stretched more than normal. Episiotomy is usually required to prevent the skin from tearing. To protect the baby’s head during birth, the forceps spoons are well placed around the head, so there are red spots where the spoons touch. These signs are sometimes seen on the baby’s face. These signs and light bruises resulting from forceps birth quickly fade and usually disappear at 48-72 hours after birth. Birth with the foreskin is more common in women who give birth to their first child and those who have epidural blocks. Forceps may be required in all cases with complications.
What is high risk pregnancy and what are the causes?
If you are planning to become pregnant or pregnant, you should be aware of the health of the mother and the baby. For this, you can make an appointment with your doctor, share your questions and concerns, and get advice.
In this article, we will share information about high-risk pregnancy and measures to be taken. Even though high-risk pregnancy may seem a difficult situation, there are several ways to give birth to a healthy baby and have a healthy pregnancy.
- Your age:
The age you are pregnant with is one of the most important factors between high-risk pregnancy and normal and healthy pregnancy. If the expectant mother is less than 17 years old or more than 35 years old, she is called a high-risk pregnancy and will be taken into custody until delivery.
- There is a higher risk of miscarriage especially after 40 years of pregnancy. The risk of genetic defects is also higher.
- Health Conditions:
For a high risk of pregnancy, the mother may have been diagnosed with certain medical conditions. You may have these health conditions before or after you become pregnant. Either way, health conditions generally have an impact on pregnancy and may be a source of concern for the unborn baby’s health.
- Some medical conditions that cause high-risk pregnancy include: diabetes, sexually transmitted diseases (such as HIV), high blood pressure, respiratory problems, kidney problems, autoimmune diseases, infections and heart diseases. All these medical conditions can pose a health risk to both a mother and a baby in the womb.
- Your doctor may name your pregnancy as a high-risk pregnancy if you have had a previous miscarriage or if your family has low or genetic birth defects.
- If you consult with your doctor before becoming pregnant, you may be able to take the necessary measures from the beginning to reduce the likelihood of high-risk pregnancy. The following health problems can lead to high-risk pregnancy:
It is usually a medical condition that causes a large increase in blood pressure levels and leads to a high amount of protein in the urine. The life-threatening risk of preeclampsia can be a very serious risk for both the mother and the unborn baby.
- Pregnancy Diabetes:
As the name suggests, pregnancy diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. Even if there is a serious health problem, it is possible to minimize the risk if timely treatment and care is possible. With a correct treatment plan, you can bring your baby to a healthy way.
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome:
Pregnancy for a pregnant woman with polycystic ovary syndrome may be difficult to maintain. Polycystic ovary syndrome may cause low risk during pregnancy. In most cases, it occurs before the 20th week of miscarriage. There is also a risk of premature birth.
- Autoimmune Disease:
Autoimmune diseases include various disease groups such as Multiple Sclerosis and lupus. Autoimmune diseases may also increase the risk of new problems in pregnancy. For example, in pregnant women suffering from lupus disease, the risk of premature birth and stillbirth increases. In addition, medications required for treatment can often be harmful to the unborn child. When pregnant, autoimmune diseases are difficult to treat.
- Kidney Problems:
If you have a kidney problem, you may experience many difficulties after being pregnant. The presence of kidney problems while pregnant is often associated with an increased risk of miscarriage. It is also necessary to plan additional treatment with changes in the diet plan of women with any kidney problem during pregnancy. In such cases, pregnant women should be regularly checked by their doctor.
Obesity can often cause various complications in pregnancy and is another medical condition that is among the causes of high-risk pregnancy. If you are obese before or after becoming pregnant, you can increase the risk of diabetes and cause more birth-related complications.
- HIV or AIDS:
If a sexually transmitted disease such as HIV or AIDS is diagnosed while pregnant, many cells in the immune system will be damaged. As a result, your body will not be able to combat infections and diseases, and the risk of developing various diseases will be higher when you are pregnant. In addition to some infections and medical conditions, the risk of developing certain cancers may also increase. At this stage, the unborn baby is also at high risk.
If you have previously struggled with infertility problems, you may have to get some special treatment and fertility medications to get pregnant. Therefore, the risk of some complications increases after being pregnant. Excessive bleeding may occur.
Thyroid diseases during pregnancy can cause various complications. The thyroid gland is located in the neck area, helping to produce various hormones to keep heart rate and blood pressure in control. Thyroid problems during pregnancy can lead to some complications such as birth defects, heart problems and low birth weight.
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