What is the cause of cancer? We are not familiar with everything that triggers this disease, but what we know is that more and more people are trying to cope with this disease. According to the National Cancer Institute in the United States, 39.6% of men and women are diagnosed with cancer at some point in their lives. Past research shows that genetics is responsible for only half of cancer cases, meaning that environmental factors and socioeconomic factors also play a role. Cancer has quickly become one of the leading causes of death, but knowing the risk can help to avoid this exterminating diagnosis.
Obesity, malnutrition, hormonal imbalances and chronic inflammation are among the best known causes of cancer. However, some cancers are not so visible. Things we are exposed to daily and seemingly harmless habits can also increase the risk of cancer. Here are some amazing things that are linked to cancer.
What Causes Cancer? Causes of unexpected cancer
According to a study published in Cancer in 2017, cancer cases have increased in the US, which has the worst air quality, water quality, soil quality, built environment and sociodemographic factors. Poor air quality and built environment (presence of large highways, public transport and the presence of houses) are strongly linked to high cancer rates. These findings were valid in both men and women, and prostate and breast cancer were closely linked to the poor environment. Other studies show that minority neighborhoods are more at risk of cancer due to air pollution.
Scented Candles and Air Fresheners
The researchers measured the levels of strong organic chemicals in six houses in the UK for five days. Information was requested from all residents, including how often they used scented candles, air fresheners, and cleaning products. Then they tested the air in every house. Limonene is a synthetic chemical that creates lemon fragrances. The amount of limonene in homes using fragrant products was highest.
More research is needed to reach a conclusion from this data, but when limonene is released into the air, it interacts with ozone and produces formaldehyde, which is associated with different types of cancer, including myeloid leukemia and nasifaringeal cancer. The danger range of synthetic odors is beyond cancer. Fake smells are also linked to hormone complexity, asthma and other serious health problems.
How to avoid: Reducing the use of fragrant products limonene and therefore can reduce the amount of formaldehyde. Limonene is not the only product to avoid. Avoid all products with ingredients such as odor, aroma, phthalates, DEP, DBP, DEHP. To avoid synthetic odors is one of the main ways to help yourself, according to the Breast Cancer Fund.
In 2016, Danish researchers published a study showing the link between alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk. Researchers say that women who increase the amount of alcohol they drink for five years have a higher risk of breast cancer. However, in the same study, the risk of heart disease in women who drink more was found to be lower. Fortunately, there are better alternatives such as daily sports, good nutrition and stress management that will reduce the risk of heart disease.
Besides breast cancer, researchers also associate alcohol consumption with head and neck cancer, esophageal cancer, liver cancer, and colorectal cancer. Why is alcohol causing these negative effects? Our bodies convert ethyl alcohol in alcoholic beverages into acetaldehyde, which can damage the DNA and proteins in the body. Alcohol also triggers oxidation into the body, causing more damage to DNA, fats and proteins. Impaired food absorption and increased estrogen levels are also remarkable.
You may not have heard this before. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) announced that wood shavings are classified as a carcinogen. In one study, it is seen that the risk of developing the form of nasal cancer called adenocarcinoma is higher than that of furniture workers and other workers exposed to chip. Hardwoods such as beech and oak have the greatest risk of dust. With masks and good ventilation, you can control your exposure to chip. Remember to wear a mask to protect yourself in areas of fine chips.
What causes cancer? Foods, right? Most of the time, we hear that our dietary preferences affect cancer risk, but packaging also plays a role. Products used in fast food and fast food packaging generally have perfluorinated chemicals. These oil and stain repellent coatings, known as PFC and PFAS, can easily pass from the package to the food. These chemicals affect the development of cancer and reproductive health, weakening of the immune system and other health problems.
How to avoid: While eating out, it can be a little difficult to avoid chemicals and therefore consume fresh products at home as much as possible. Also avoid paper plates and other tableware because they are usually covered with oil-proof chemicals. The same goes for microwave-packed popcorn packages.
Some Sun Creams
Although exposure to too much sunlight can be a cause of cancer, overuse of the wrong kind of sunscreen also has its own risks. Benzophenone-3 is common in sunscreens and produces free radicals that can trigger DNA damage and cancer development. The US Food and Drug Administration restricts this substance to 3-6% and does not completely prohibit it because it has a high level of protection from UV rays.
How to avoid: Read product labels before taking sunscreen and try to avoid products containing para amino benzoic acid, ostrich salicylate, sinosate, dioxybenzon, phenylbenzimidazole, homosalate, menthyl antranilate, octoscrylene, methoxycinnamate, paraben and of course oxybenzone. You can also produce a sunscreen with essential oils in your home, coconut oil, shea butter and non-nano zinc oxide.
According to researchers at the University of California, Moores Cancer Center, 250,000 cases of colorectal cancer and 350,000 breast cancer worldwide can be prevented by increasing levels of vitamin D3. Researchers have investigated the link between vitamin D and cancer with satellites from sun and cloud measurements. They took the data and analyzed the blood levels of vitamin D3. As a result, there was an inverse relationship between vitamin D levels in the blood and the risk of colorectal and breast cancer. In other words, as vitamin D decreases, the risk increases. Although too much sunlight can damage the skin, the sun can supply the best vitamin D. But don't overdo it, and regularly measure your vitamin D levels.
How to avoid: There are many ways to get daylight to take your daily vitamin D. On the weekend you can go to the camp, run outside, lay on the ground, arrange a garden, ride a bike, apply swimming sports and do whatever it takes to get you to the sun.
Viruses and Bacteria
Although viruses and bacteria contain serious risks in the short term, there are some long-term effects. Several viruses, such as Epstein-Barr virus and HIV, have been associated with cancer in many studies. Researchers show that at least 95% of the population is affected by the Epstein-Barr virus in adulthood. This virus is most known for causing mono or kiss disease, but it is not noticeable even when most infections are active in the body. Most people do not see any symptoms and have no sudden consequences. The virus remains asleep throughout its life and remains until it is triggered by an insecticide or fungus. Factors such as nutritional deficiencies, disability, exposure to heavy metals, and mental trauma bring the virus back to life. In a study in 2016, the researchers discovered that the breast hajuras were linked to the Epstein-Barr virus and turned into aggressive cancer. Therefore, researchers have concluded that the virus increases the rate of malignant breast cancer development.
The study also shows that individuals with HIV have an increased risk of Kaposiıs sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphone and cervical cancer. In fact, these are often referred to as conditions that define AIDS, because if someone with HIV has these conditions, it may indicate the development of AIDS.
Working at Night Shift
According to a large number of studies, night shifts can increase the risk of cancer in some people. In studies on mice, the researchers discovered that the two genes are responsible for controlling the circadian rhythm of cells and found that they were involved in suppressing tumors.
The 24-hour natural cycle of the body basically reacts to the surrounding light and darkness, and night shifts disrupt this natural rhythm. In the study, mice were divided into two groups. A group of mice were in normal 12-hour light, 12-hour dark calendar, while the other group was exposed to an additional 8 hours of light every 2-3 days. According to the control group, tumor growth was more aggressive in mice who had experienced abnormal illumination.
What is the cause of cancer? Cancer may not surprise connections with fried foods and inflammation, but this is the continuation of the story. Acrylamide is a chemical that is created as a result of cooking at high temperatures in starchy foods such as potatoes and toast. Cooking of starchy foods over 120 degrees with methods such as frying, baking and roasting triggers the formation of acrylamide, and the heating in the microwave is less likely to occur. Studies show that acrylamide causes damage to DNA in animals and causes cancer. The International Agency for Research on Cancer, therefore, considers acrylamide as a potential carcinogen, but there is no direct link to the fact that foods containing acrylamide increase the risk of cancer in humans.
What can cause cancer in the world of nutrition other than acrylamide? Burn it. But there are also good news because you can reduce grilled carcinogens by 99% with simple cooking techniques. According to a research by the Cancer Research Center in Hawaii, meat has been prepared and ready to cook with ready-made marination sauces, which contain plenty of sugar and fructose syrup, up to 3 times the amount of HCA-named toxin, which is also found in cigarette smoke.
How to avoid: In order to avoid problems, experts recommend that these starchy foods be consumed in yellow and unburned. At high temperatures you can avoid acrylamide by frying long time and avoiding roasting. After slicing the potatoes in water for 30 minutes to reduce acrylamide levels by 38%. If you have more time, 2 hours of immersion is halving. Quickly can even reduce this rate by 23%.
Of course, avoiding chips and fries is another way to avoid acrylamide and excess calories.
When it comes to reducing the causes of cooked meat, you can reduce the HCA levels by using vinegar-based marinades instead of sugar marinades, and add turmeric, garlic and spices.
Still Life Style
According to an analysis published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute in Regensburg in Germany in 2014, a connection was established between the time of watching TV, the duration of sitting for the hobbies, the duration of the occupation and the total sitting time and the risk of cancer. Compared to the highest and lowest immobile behaviors, more inactive participants were found to have more colon, endometrial and lung cancer risk. The risk of cancer is increased every 2 hours of increase in sitting time. It was seen that this had nothing to do with physical activity, and this means that even if you are physically active, the time spent sitting down has bad effects.
According to the American Cancer Society, adults are offered at least 150 minutes of moderate activity or 75 minutes of heavy activity per week. It doesn't involve climbing stairs or housework. For children, moderate activity is recommended for at least 60 minutes every day and intensive activity is required at least 3 days a week.
How to avoid: Sitting for hours may sometimes seem inevitable for office workers, but do not fall into the trap of a sedentary lifestyle and try to get a table to work with, or sit down on the exercise ball instead of a chair. Set up alarms to remind you to stand up during the day. If you can, make the meetings in walking or make your calls while standing.
What causes cancer? Ayse Tolga first appeared on Good Life.
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