Brachytherapy is a radiotherapy method that is applied by placing radioactive, intramuscular and body cavities. The body does not suffer any damage, except for a very small tissue in the area treated by the brachytherapy method. In the application of brachytherapy in breast cancer, the entire breast is not exposed to radiation. Only a small area around the tumor is irradiated. This method has been used for many years in breast cancer and it is the most frequently used technique for interstitial brachytherapy. Interstitial brachytherapy In the method, the needles or rods are targeted to the region around the tumor, or the area around the tissue removed from the operation. During treatment, the needles remain in the same area of the breast, which may take several days.
Brachytherapy is the treatment of radiotherapy in breast cancer
Brachytherapy methods are few. Used for the last 5 years brachytherapy these applications. With this method, a catheter is placed inside the operation area, there are channels in this catheter, it consists of small canals with a diameter of a few millimeters. One of the channels can be infused and inflated. In this way, fill the empty part of the breast tissue removed by surgery in this way, the targeted cancerous area can be irradiated by radiotherapy. The surrounding tissues can thus be preserved. The catheter is easily removable, does not require anesthesia and can be inflated during application and emptied once the application is finished. Treatment usually lasts 4 or 5 days.
Apart from these therapies, intraoperative radiotherapy method is called brachytherapy. Treatment with intraoperative brachytherapycan be applied to the tumor itself and the surrounding tissue in a single operation. In this method, there are different applicators suitable, a very effective method. Although the follow-up period is not high, all three brachytherapy methods are used successfully in radiotherapy in breast cancer.
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