Infectious mononucleosis, also known as mono, is often referred to as kiss disease. The virus that causes the mono is transmitted by saliva, so it is possible to catch it with a kiss. However, with cough or sneezing, using cups or utensils, you can grab the disease from someone who is mono. However, mononucleosis is not as contagious as other infections, such as colds.
If you are an adolescent or young adult, you are more likely to experience all signs and symptoms of the monon. In young children, the symptoms are usually less and the infection is unnoticed.
If you have mononucleosis, you need to be careful against some complications, such as enlarged spleen. Rest and adequate fluid intake are the key to healing.
Signs and marks of the monon can include:
- Sore throat is often confused with throat infection, but does not pass after antibiotic treatment
- Swelling of the lymph nodes on the neck and arm
- Swelling of the tonsils
- Skin irritation
- Swelling in the spleen
The incubation period of the virus lasts approximately 4-6 weeks but may be shorter in young children. Symptoms such as fever and sore throat may be alleviated within a few weeks, but fatigue, lymph nodes growth and swelling of the spleen may last more than a few weeks.
When to Go to a Doctor?
If you have the above symptoms, you may have mononucleosis.
If the symptoms do not improve within a week, you can go to the doctor.
The most common cause of the monone is Epstein-Barr virus, but other viruses can give similar symptoms.
Although the symptoms of the monon are disturbing, the infection usually passes on itself without long-term effects. Many adults already have the necessary antibodies, as they are already exposed to the Epstein-Barr virus. That's why they have immunity, and they don't have mononucleosis.
Complications of mononucleosis can sometimes be serious.
Growth in Spleen
Mono disease can cause the spleen to grow. In extreme cases, the spleen may be cleaved, so a sharp pain may suddenly occur in the upper abdomen. If such pain occurs, immediate medical attention is needed because surgery may be necessary.
The liver may also have problems:
- Hepatitis: You may experience moderate liver inflammation.
- Jaundice: Yellowing of the skin and white parts of the eyes may occur.
Less Common Complications
Mononucleosis is less common but can cause the following complications:
- Anemia: Reduction in the amount of red blood cells and hemoglobin
- Thrombocytopenia: reduction in platelet count involved in blood clotting
- Heart problems: inflammation in the heart muscles
- Nervous system complications: meningitis, encephalitis and Guillain-Barre syndrome
- Swelling in the tonsils: it can make breathing difficult
Epstein-Barr virus can lead to more severe diseases due to the weakened immune system in HIV-AIDS patients or those using immunosuppressive drugs.
Mono is spreading with saliva. If you've been infected, you can prevent others from spreading or sharing food, cooking utensils, cups, and tools. If possible, it is necessary to take care of them for a few days after the fire has passed.
Epstein-Barr virus may remain in your saliva for months after infection. No vaccine is available to prevent disease.
Based on your symptoms and physical examination, your doctor may be suspicious. It will look at other signs, such as swollen lymph nodes, tonsils, liver or spleen, and will examine their compliance with your symptoms.
- Antibody test: If confirmation is required, the monospot test can be performed to see antibodies produced against Epstein-Barr virus in your blood. This imaging test results in one day. However, it may not detect the infection in the first week of the disease. Different antibody tests require longer time, but some can detect the disease even in the first week of symptoms.
- White blood count: The doctor can also test to see increased white blood cell count. Changes in lymphocyte counts and lymphocyte patterns can be observed. These tests do not approve the monopoly but ensure that it is possible.
There is no specific therapy for mono therapy. Antibiotics do not work in viral diseases such as mono. The treatment is usually self-care, adequate sleeping, healthy eating and drinking plenty of fluids. You can also get pain medications for fever and pain.
- Treatment of secondary infections: Occasionally, streptococcal infection is accompanied by a throat infection of the monone. Sinus infection or tonsillitis infection may also occur. In this case, antibiotic treatment is required against other bacterial infections.
- Risk of irritation of certain medications: Amoxicillin and other penicillin-derived drugs are not recommended to monoliths. Even if they are given to people with mono, irritation may occur. This does not mean that people have allergies to antibiotics. However, the use of other antibiotics may reduce the risk of irritation if necessary.
Lifestyle and Home Prescriptions
Except for plenty of rest, the following steps help to eliminate symptoms:
- Drink plenty of water and juice: Liquids prevent thirst as they are good for fever and throat irritation.
- Pain relieving: Pain relievers can be taken if necessary. These drugs have no anti-virus properties. They are used only for pain and fire.
Be careful when giving aspirin to children and adolescents. Aspirin is safe for children older than 3 years of age, especially children with asthma and flu-like symptoms of pain and enter into the healing process should never be given aspirin. Because aspirin is associated with Reye's syndrome, which is potentially life-threatening in children.
- Salt water mouthwash: You can get rid of sore throat by doing it a few times a day.
Wait To Return To Sports & Activities
Most of the signs and signs of the monsoon pass in a few weeks, but you might find two or three months to feel completely normal. The more you relax, the better you will heal. Your return to your normal normal setting increases the risk of repetition.
To avoid the risk of tearing your spleen, your doctor may delay a month to return to activities that require effort, such as weight lifting and sports. A rupture of the spleen causes serious bleeding and an emergency.
Ask your doctor when you can return to your normal level of activity. The doctor may recommend a progressive sports program to help you gain strength during the healing process.
What is Mono? Ayse Tolga first appeared on Good Life.
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