Prostate cancer, like other types of cancer, is a condition in which healthy cell production and destruction in the body deteriorate and form a mass called tumor (ur).
The most important difference of cancer cells (malignant tumor cells) from benign tumor cells is their uncontrolled proliferation as well as their ability to spread to adjacent tissues. Most cancers are called cell type or organ. For example, cancer that develops in prostate tissue is called prostate cancer. Prostate cancer may be confined within the prostate gland, or may spread near the lymph nodes (immune-related structures)
Phases of Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is treated according to the prevalence of the disease in the body. Therefore, it is important that the doctor determines the stage of the cancer. During the staging, it is investigated whether the cancer is limited only in the prostate gland, and where it is found outside the prostate.
There are two types of staging of prostate cancer: clinical stage and pathological stage.
Clinical stage: It is the stage at which the physician can best estimate the extent of the disease depending on the results of physical examination, laboratory tests, biopsy and other tests.
Pathological stage: At this stage, the tissue will be removed and the laboratory will be examined. The results show the pathological stage. Pathological staging can give more accurate results than clinical staging.
Prostate Cancer Treatment 2019
Active monitoring: Prostate cancer progresses very slowly in most patients. For this reason, some patients with prostate cancer are not considered to be in need of treatment. Prostate cancer treatment may not be recommended in patients with advanced cancer who have not yet spread their cancer to other parts of the body and have other serious health problems. The physician may recommend active follow-up in these patients. In the active follow-up, the patient is monitored at regular intervals and with no examinations. According to the findings at the time of follow-up, the physician may initiate treatment if deemed necessary.
Surgical Treatment: It is a frequently used option in the treatment of early stage prostate cancer. Surgery to remove the entire prostate gland is called ameliyat Radical Prostatectomy Pro. Major side effects; transient or permanent urinary incontinence, lack of stiffening for sexual intercourse in the post-operative penis and stenosis of the urinary tract.
Radiotherapy: It is aimed to eliminate cancer cells with high energy rays and prevent their growth. In early stage prostate cancer, this method of treatment can be used to replace cancer cells that may have remained in the region after surgical intervention or after surgical intervention. When prostate cancer is spread to other organs, radiotherapy can be applied in these areas and can help to eliminate the discomforts caused by cancer.
Hormone Therapy: Prostate cancer cells require a male hormone called testosterone to grow. The purpose of this treatment is to eliminate the source of testosterone or to block its production. With lower levels of testosterone in the body, tumor growth slows down and the patient’s condition is improved. 2 Treatments that eliminate male hormones in the body; it can often cause side effects such as loss of sexual desire, erection problems, tenderness in the nipple, and partly in the bones (osteoporosis) in the later stages of treatment.
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